Barley is a cereal crop with a short growing time that can survive poor conditions. The UK produces 6.5 million tonnes per year. It has long spikes that emerge from the end of each grain, known as awns. It not as productive as wheat and is often grown as the second cereal in a rotation (wheat, barley, then a break crop like sugar beet before returning to wheat). Barley can be sown in the autumn (winter barley) or spring. Winter crops yield more but are poorer quality (used in animal feeds); the spring varieties are used for malting. The winter crop is harvested in July and the spring crop in August. Barley straw is widely used for animal bedding and fodder, as it is tougher and less brittle than wheat straw. Gamlingay, Cambs August 2005.
15th Aug 2005 by Diane Earl
Biology, Geography, Science
Foundation, Key Stage 1, Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 4+
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