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Agreement between Ralph Buteman and the Jews of Norwich 1290


637 x 640
1420 x 1425

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Ralph Buteman, a butcher, and his wife Margery made this agreement with the Jews of Norwich in June 1290. Buteman's shop had encroached on Jewish land. This agreement seems to show the spirit of co-operation and tolerance existing between the Jews and others in Norwich, even as they were about to be expelled. In July 1290 Edward 1 ordered all Jews to leave England by 1 November unless they had converted to Christianity. Note the indents at the top of the parchment. The indented sides of the two copies of this agreement would have fitted exactly together. This was to prevent forgeries.
Norfolk Record Office DCN45/33/32

31st Jan 2009

Citizenship, Geography, History, ICT

Key Stages:
Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 4+

Jew Jewish Norwich mortgage 13th century Norfolk parchment seal indent co-operation expulsion trade

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