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'Currency' from the camp at Terezin


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Terezin or Theresienstadt, the Nazi’s ‘showpiece’ camp (visited and deemed ‘acceptable’ by the Red Cross in 1944) was meant to be run as a town with its own administration and currency. These are samples of the currency. They are dated 1st January 1943 and signed by the first man to hold the office of ‘Jewish Elder’, Jakob Edelstein. Later in 1943 Edelstein was included in a transport to Auschwitz.

The notes include a warning: ‘Anyone who forges or counterfeits this token or circulates counterfeits tokens will be severely punished.’
The notes were in fact worthless.
Many of the 80,000 Czech Jews who died in the Holocaust were killed in Theresienstadt and thousands more were transported on from there to Auschwitz.

1st Feb 2009

Citizenship, History

Key Stages:
Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 4+

terezin theresienstadt holocaust jewish concentration camp auschwitz nazi german

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