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Cleopatra's Needle


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The London needle is in the City of Westminster, on the Victoria Embankment. It was presented to the United Kingdom in 1819 by the ruler of Egypt and Sudan Muhammad Ali, in commemoration of the victory of Lord Nelson at the Battle of the Nile. The British government welcomed the gesture but decided not to fund the expense of transporting it to London. It was eventually brought to London in 1877.Cleopatra's Needle is flanked by two fake Egyptian sphinxes cast from bronze. On 4 September 1917, during World War I, a bomb from a German air raid landed near the needle. In commemoration of this event, the damage remains unrepaired and is clearly visible in the form of shrapnel holes and gouges on the right-hand sphinx.

21st Jun 2010

Citizenship, Geography, History

Key Stages:
Key Stage 1, Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 4+

cleopatra needle london sphinx nile nelson battle monument memorial embankment

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