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St Andrews Castle, Mine and counter mine


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The Castle was fortified by the 1100s, and from around 1200 it was adopted as the main residence of the bishops and archbishops of St Andrews. A long siege took place in 1547 when attackers constructed a mine, which was large enough to take pack animals who were used to carry out the spoil. The defenders responded to the mine by trying to dig an intercepting tunnel or countermine. The defenders' low, narrow, twisting countermine eventually broke through into the attackers' mine, resulting in underground fighting between the two sides.

4th Apr 2012


Key Stages:
Foundation, Key Stage 1, Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 4+

Geocode: St Andrews, Fife, Scotland

St Andrews Castle Mine counter mine Fife Scotland

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